THE MERRIAM COLLECTION
Danish Dagger Page
I have included some comments
from D.C. Waldorf on a few daggers which are featured in his
book, D.C. Waldorf's Guide to the Flint Daggers of Southern
Scandinavia and North Germany. For anyone interested in
learning more about Danish Daggers, I highly recommend this book,
click here to learn more about the book and to place an
Illustrations on this page were done by Val Waldorf.
Item # 7080
Type IV-C Dagger 5 3/4 inches long this form dates to 1950 to 1750 B.C
Type IV-C handle with resharpened blade, Chris Merriam collection, ex Paul Brown, USA.
Even though it is badly damaged, it is another handle that packs a tremendous amount of information, especially when I had several months to study it while Val drew it in detail. Even though both horns have been broken off and heavy striker wear is present, portions of the finely stitched, rolled pommel seam stilll remain. If you look carefully, especially in the upper part of the seam on the right hand view, several primary stitch flakes are present. The secondary stitching on both faces was beautifully executed with an errant facial pressure flake coming in from the shoulder and removing a portion of the end of the seam on the right view. Several patches of the original oblique flake scars are still visible on the blade, the tip of which shows very heavy edge wear." DCW
Item # 7079
This is a type IV-C Danish dagger, 7 inches long
This is a type I-A dagger possibly a type I-E because of the notch in the blade, dates to 2400-2050 B.C. Black mottled flint. 20.2 cm. Cover Artifacts in the News, vol 1, no. 2, 1990 Floyd Ritter Collection
Type I-A dagger, Chris Merriam collection, Ex Paul Brown, USA
No provenance is given as is usual with peices in American collections. However, it was made from dark grey flint with small light spots, which may be Jutlandic in origin. The was originally percussion flaked and has seen quite a bit of pressure retouch around the edges, which showsome wear and the handle area has minimal grinding. The end has a small crack and some battering, which may be the original surface of a water worn cobble. The plow damage to the edge may have been restored by filling it with wax or some kind of resin." DCW
Type II-A Dagger, 8 inches long, 2250 to 2050 B.C.
Type II-A dagger from the Chris Merriam collection, ex Paul Brown, USA.
This beautiful little Type II has a gradually expanding handle which ends in a knob. Even though it has no provenance, the workmanship and shape put its origin in Eastern Denmark, possibly one of the islands. The blade has a beautiful orange patina with a dark brown handle end. There is a tiny patch of cortex on the handle end, which also shows some firestriker wear." DCW
Type III-B Dagger, 8 inches long, 2100 to 1950 B.C Jutland, Denmark
Type III dagger, Chris Merriam collection, ex Paul Brown, USA.
This is one of the most interesting daggers I have ever seen in that the handle was stiched half way up one face, the rest was left unfinished. I think that this was meant to serve as an instruction manual in stone for an apprentice. The blade was originally percussion flaked with some pressure retouch and may have been 2 inches or more longer and at least 3/4 inch wider. It has been expertly reworked by pressure flaking, maybe by the appretice after he became a master. However, the handle was left unfinished, perhaps in memory of his teacher. The message that this peice carries into our time is invaluable. The handle was punch flaked in such a way that it was thicker than it was wide so that the median would be very sharp and the stitching could be done with ease. However, it was not finished so as to demostrate the proper proportions. Anyone who has an interest in daggers will get the idea upon seeing this! This dagger was in use for a very long time, firestriker wear is present on all four edges of the handle for about 1 inch or so up from the pommel. At the end of the median ridge where the handle meets the blade and on the higher scar junctures on the blade itself, shiny spots can be seen in the right light. This is where the sheath in which the dagger was carried wore the flint smooth. The patina is a brown color on the blade, fading to cream on the handle with some orange iron spots here and there." DCW
Type III-F Dagger 16 cm
Type III-F. Scott Young Collection, USA. This heavily resharpened dagger can be classified as a III-F because it is stitched on one face of the handle only and the cross-section of the handle is wider than it is thick. the stitching is muddled due to a considerable amount of reworking with a punch or pressure flaker. There is a small patch of cortex on the pommel and a larger patch on the opposite face of the handle, which prevented stitching on that face. As befitting a dagger that was much used, there is a considerable amount of firestriker wear on the handle end." DCW
Type VI-A Dagger, 7 1/4 inches long
"PF-97. Type VI-A dagger, Ex D C Waldorf, ex Paul Brown now in the Chris Merriam Collection, USA. This small dagger has seen much use as a fire stricker as indicated by the heavy wear shown on the handles edge in the edge-on view. The blade has seen much reworking by pressure and if I remember right quite a bit of use-wear was here also." DCW
23 cm Type II dagger, it has great flake over grinding, some patches still visible, and has exqusite ribbon flaking.
Type I-C Dagger, 9 inches long, 2400 to 2050 B.C. Grey mottled flint. 21.5 cm. Institute of Historic Archaeology, Arhus, Denmark. James Stowell traded N. American materials. J Sowell donated to Chemung Co. Historical Society, Elmira, NY in 1930's or 1940's.
Type V-B Dagger, 6 inches 15.8 cm. long dated to 1950 to 1600 B.C. Excellent parallel flaking. Marked "Holland 459" Hesse Gallery Auction. Oswego NY
Type VI Dagger, 6 inches long, dated to 1700 to 1500 B.C. Christian Larsen Collection, found on Falster
18.5 cm Type IV-E Dagger UU 13
11 cm Type VI Dagger, great material
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